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Anything from improper lifting to ageing may cause back pain. Some of the common causes include:

  • Stretched or strained muscles
  • Injuries that damage the muscles, bones or tissue in the back
  • Herniated (slipped) disks
  • Osteoporosis
  • Obesity or excess weight
  • Poor posture
  • Pregnancy

Back pain is common among adults, but if your pain is severe or becomes more frequent, you should talk to your doctor. If you’re having even mild back pain, you should consult a doctor if you experience:

  • Numbness or tingling
  • Severe pain that does not improve with rest
  • Pain after a fall or an injury
  • Pain plus any of these problems:
  • Trouble urinating
  • Weakness
  • Numbness in the legs
  • Fever
  • Weight loss when not on a diet

A number of factors can increase the risk of back pain including:

  • Age
  • Fitness
  • Diet
  • Heredity
  • Race
  • Other diseases
  • Occupational risk factors
  • Cigarette smoking

You will probably use a walker for 1 to 3 weeks and then use crutches. When you are ready, you can use a cane. You will probably be able to walk on your own in 4 to 8 weeks. You will need to do months of physical rehabilitation (rehab) after a knee replacement.

You may feel uncomfortable at first, but these exercises will help speed your recovery and actually diminish your postoperative pain.

  • Quadriceps Sets. Tighten your thigh muscle
  • Straight Leg Raises
  • Ankle Pumps
  • Knee Straightening Exercises
  • Bed-Supported Knee Bends
  • Sitting Supported Knee Bends
  • Mild soreness to severe pain
  • Fever, chills, and muscle ache, indicating the presence of infection
  • Mobility issues, including reduced range of motion and knee stiffness
  • Swelling resulting from the inflammation of the lining of the knee
  • Effusion, or excess fluid in the knee

The most common reason that people have hip replacement surgery is the wearing down of the hip joint that results from osteoarthritis. Other conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis (a chronic inflammatory disease that causes joint pain, stiffness, and swelling), avascular necrosis (loss of bone caused by insufficient blood supply), injury, and bone tumors also may lead to the breakdown of the hip joint and the need for hip replacement surgery.

Total hip replacement surgery involves replacing the hip joint with an artificial joint made of metal, plastic or ceramic materials. The doctor makes a six- to ten-inch incision on the side or back of your hip. Materials used in making your artificial joints are strong and designed to last a long time inside your body. Additional information about hip replacement surgery.



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